Using reduce in JavaScipt

Here is a simple example of using reduce for adding all values in an array

let add = (...args) => {
    return args.reduce(function(a, b) { return a + b; }, 0);
let args = [3, 5, 7];

Clean, right ?

In regular JS or ES5, you’d do something like:

var total = 0;
var numbers = [3, 5, 7];
for (var i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) {
    total += numbers[i];

You can simplify the above reduce example to
[3, 5, 7].reduce(function (a, b) {return a + b; }, 0);
I’d say reduce makes it simpler and easier. Read more about it here

Breaking changes from Angular 2 beta to final release candidate

If you’re using the Angular 2 beta version and want to upgrade to angular 2 final release candidate, it’s a good idea to be aware of the breaking changes from beta to final release. I followed a few youtube tutorials and struggled with it, so here is what i learnt:

Most of the content that was posted earlier on internet forms and youtube tutorials deals with Angular 2 beta. I waited for quite a while to move to angular 2 so that it matures before adopting it. But even then the relevant study material is old and you can’t really follow it word by word.

Module Names

Angular packages have been renamed from angular2 to @angular.

import { Component } from ‘@angular/core’;

Components and Directives

In Beta, you had to register a component or directive in directives attribute of the host component:

directives: [FirstComponent, SecondComponent]
export class MyCoolComponent { }

In the Final Release, directives is removed from component metadata.

You should register all components and directives in AppModule (The main app’s root module) or the module they belong to (on sub level). Like the following:

declarations: [MyHostComponent, ComponentA, DirectiveA]
export class AppModule { }


To access a DOM element, use this.el.nativeElement instead of this.el.

this.renderer.setElementStyle(this.el.nativeElement, ‘width’, ‘200’);

ngFor Syntax

With angular’s final release, the syntax for for loop has changed.  You should now be using the let keyword. here is how to upgrade all your for loops to new syntax.

In Beta:

*ngFor=“#course of courses”

In the final version:

*ngFor=“let course of courses”

Note: I’d keep this post updated if I find anything else as I continue with my study.

Simple code highlighter using only CSS

Over the last 10 years, I have learnt that sharing code on websites can be tricky. Just yesterday I was working on a blog post and realized that anything between the <code></code> can look ugly if not styled properly.

For example, after writing some bash code within the post, it looked this ugly:

Now, I just investigated how my CSS looked like. And the CSS to style it was barebones, like this

var {
font: 15px Monaco, Consolas, "Andale Mono", "DejaVu Sans Mono", monospace;

Clearly, not acceptable and it looked plain and ugly. I didn’t want to use third party JS based highlighter and wanted to use clean CSS approach. I don’t need complex syntax highlighting and basically didn’t want to mess with simplicity and cleanliness of my site. In short, no time for bullshit. So here is what I did

var {
font: 15px Monaco, Consolas, "Andale Mono", "DejaVu Sans Mono", monospace;
background: #eee;
color: black;
margin: 20px 0;
display: block;
padding: 20px;

Now, that’s more like it and it would simply add some nice greyish background, fix some margins and padding around the code and in a way, highlight it so it’s well separated from the general text. Problem solved! Nice and simple.

My cache wouldn’t clear automatically, so I simply cleaned the browser cache but had already tested with the incognito mode, the best way to test websites while you are developing them for a new customer base or just want to see quick results instead of cleaning the browser cache.  Here is the final result:

This works perfectly on the white background of my site. I am a happy man and all it took was 20 minutes to do that and also write this blog post about it. A quick lesson in usability and user experience 🙂